Research led by two professors from the University of Konstanz named Matthias Fuchs belonging to the physics department and Andreas Zumbusch belonging to the chemistry department discovered a state where liquid particles can move around but apparently can’t rotate.
When high pressure along with the high temperature is applied to potassium it starts to exist as big lattice structures but according to research that’s not it, these structures also contain a fluid arrangement of potassium atoms. According to research if the conditions are right Bismuth and Sodium along with other elements can also exist in this new state.
To investigate this new state scientists in Edinburgh used very strong simulations of computers to investigate the chain melted state and found out that 20,000 potassium atoms under very extreme conditions do show proof of the new state of matter.
Studies brought forth that when pressure is applied on atoms two types of lattice structures are formed that are interlinked, while interactions between atoms in one structure are quite strong enabling them to maintain solid structure the other part acquires liquid structure.